Happy or sad, emotional highs or lows, Have you ever heard someone being called bipolar, especially to describe them as being moody. In fact, the use of of this word is unpretentious but on point when describing mood swings. However, Bipolar disorder is a serious mental disorder. It is outlined as Manic-depression, where there is a shift of emotions from happiness to sadness. In addition to this, The mention of bipolar disorder goes back to the Hippocrates, he was the first to document two extreme moods: feeling extremely low (depression) and feeling extremely energized or excited (mania).
BIPOLAR 1: 1 manic episode at least preceded or followed by hypomania or major depressive disorder.
BIPOLAR 2: One major depressive or One hypomanic but no manic episode.
MANIA AND HYPOMANIA:
High level of energy and jumpy, self confidence (EUPHORIA). People stay distracted , they don’t sleep, they are very talkative.
MAJOR DEPRESSIVE STATE:
Depressed moods, either people sleep to much or develop insomnia, a person can get restless or show slowed behaviour.Therefore it is called manic-depression.
Uses DSM 5 criteria:
1.MOOD STABILIZERS: Carbamazepine, Lamotrigine.
2. ANTIPSYCHOTICS: Lurasodine,Olanzipine
Psychotherapy can be helpful in treating most mental health problems, including:
- Anxiety disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), phobias, panic disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Mood disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder
- Addictions, such as alcoholism, drug dependence or compulsive gambling
- Eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia
- Personality disorders, such as borderline personality disorder or dependent personality disorder
- Schizophrenia or other disorders that cause detachment from reality (psychotic disorders)